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What Happens In Coma?

World's First Covid-19 Vaccine

A Russian University claims to have successfully completed clinical trials of the first COVID-19 vaccine in the world. The chief researcher Russia's accession of University said that the trials successfully proved the vaccine's effectiveness and safety.

Russia's vaccine candidate has been a child on two routes of volunteers the first group of 18 volunteers was administered the shot on June 18th the second group of 20 volunteers received the vaccine on June 23rd the trial participants will be discharged in two batches on July 15th and 20th. The volunteers will continue to remain under medical supervision on an outpatient basis but there is no consensus on how big Russia is a breakthrough is the trial size indicates that the vaccine is currently in phase one or phase 2 phase 3 or the free marketing phase involves hundreds and even thousands of volunteers across multiple testing centers only China's cinah wok has currently entered phase 3 of clinical trials so Russia's claim of having developed the world's first COVID-19  vaccines still remains unproven now multiple vaccine registries also lists Russia's candidate as currently in phase 1 the Russian government has however backed the session of universities findings the Russian embassy in India has also tweeted on Sunday claiming to have developed the world's first-ever vaccine October 19.

 now let's get you all the details and a perspective on these latest developments for that I'm joined in by of eons correspondent Lucy Taylor who's joining me live from Moscow at this is Lucy a very warm welcome to you based on its testing so far how our expert assessing the potential success of this vaccine well we're hearing that these tests have been successfully completed that was reported by Russian States media this weekend as far as we know Russia is in phase one trials that mean they're testing for the safety of the vaccine rather than its efficacy rather than whether it actually works as a vaccine against the virus although there may be some elements of that that they can pick up from these trials phase one trial usually use to test the safety of the vaccine on human volunteers it's a good development and in terms of progressing the vaccine.

If it turns out to be correct right but in terms it doesn't make necessarily this Russian vaccine world-leading there are 21 other vaccines and developments according to the World Health Organization two of them have reached phase three trials those are in China and in the United Kingdom but here in Russia reporting probably the end of phase one trials so much positive progress it's interesting that you mentioned that this is a vaccine which has just cleared phase one now that the vaccines clinical trials are over what are the remaining phases left for it it'll clear before it ends the commercial production well it seems that it's the phase one of the clinical trials that are over but there would still be how effective it is in actually combating the virus so phase one has been done on a small number of patients we're told now that they have all been discharged.

Although they will continue to be monitored as outpatients and but it appears the vaccine is safe according to those tests but there are two more phases of clinical trials still to go before this can be put into production so it's spreading out rather than looking at a small number of fewer than 30 patients moving to hundreds of patients and then later to thousands of patients to see to test the efficacy of this vaccine in the wider population after that, of course, there was Denby the difficulty of putting it into mass production on the kind of scale that you would need to vaccinate everybody in Russia everybody in the world and in order to get that herd immunity that would need to combat the vaccine.

So it does appear that there is a long way to go with this vaccine there are many others as I say around the world and development equally going through the same process and all of these trials have been massively accelerated compared to what would normally paint a case because of the pandemic we are going to talk about trying to really ramp up and be the first right and that is a very interesting aspect that you mentioned now a study conducted in London's King's College is found that immunity post the infection won't last very long have Russian researchers been able to address this aspect through the vaccine what according to researchers could be a long-term and effective vaccine took over nineteen well there are a number of different methods and each of these different 21 vaccine trials and looking at slightly different ways to address the immunity and the population as you say it's not yet even clear whether antibodies in themselves do lead to immunity. 

In the general population or whether that immunity could fade over time but there are different ways of looking at that and the Russian trial is looking at one of them there are also different tests here in Russia being carried out to look at immunity in the wider population Russia carry on Moscoe in fact is carrying out widespread tests for immunity among the population looking at two different kinds of antibodies IgM and IgG antibodies which give different indications of how a muna person might be of whether a person might already have had that the virus and and what the immunity looks like and how long that immunity lasts so widespread testing in the immunity and the widespread testing of these vaccines and Russia hopes that together with its scientists it might be able to move forward on the journey of getting immunity for the wider population right so a host of challenges awaiting the vaccine trials for now being at United States, China, UK, Israel, India and now Russia countries across the world lucy are racing to find a treatment for coronavirus under normal circumstances. 

This process takes years which is not the case anymore could the lack of time increase the risk of foul-ups it indeed needs to be accelerated that's what we're hearing from all around the world the Russian trial clearly looking to be one of the first but there are others around the world and as you say it's happening much quicker than then it would normally do because of their differences because of the absolute urgency of the pandemic that we're in at the moment all of these trials would have taken much longer in normal times but they're racing to be first and we've seen a tweet from the Russian embassy in India saying that this could be the world's first vaccine.

I think the Russian government would love that to be the case but it depends of course which one is proven to be fastest and which one is proven to work most effectively and which one can get into mass production in time and I think these are all unanswered questions and until these scientific trials are completed around the world and it's going to be several months even longer perhaps until we know whether a vaccine is a way out of this crisis or whether we're all going to have to change our behavior for a lot longer to try out to combat the virus as it is at the moment without a vaccine right very rightly so and it seems highly unlikely that a vaccine will be out in the year 2024.

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